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What is Linux? Why do most servers use it?

Posted by Aron Kõrgemäe
January 20, 2024
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In the realm of operating systems, Linux stands tall from the rest, particularly when it comes to server environments. Linux has a lot of amazing and unique features that other OS' may not have.

In this blog post, we will be exploring Linux and explaining why it has become the backbone of server infrastructures across the globe.

At MazenHost, you can order a VPS and install various Linux OS' on there with one-click installation!

The History

To comprehend the significance of Linux in the server landscape, it's crucial to delve into its origins and fundamental principles. Conceived by Linus Torvalds in 1991, Linux is not just an operating system but an open-source, Unix-like kernel that has evolved through the collaborative efforts of a global community of developers. The heart of Linux, its source code, is freely accessible, allowing for modifications and distributions tailored to diverse needs.

  1. Stability and Reliability

    Linux is renowned for its stability and dependability, offering server environments that can run for long periods of time without the need for a restart. This reliability is crucial in guaranteeing uninterrupted services, making it the preferred option for critical applications.
  2. Security

    Security is a top priority for servers, especially those handling sensitive data. Linux's security features, including a robust permission system and user privilege management, contribute to its reputation as a secure operating system. The transparency of its open-source nature enables constant scrutiny and rapid responses to emerging threats.
  3. Flexibility & Customization

    Linux provides an unmatched level of flexibility in the world of operating systems. With a wide range of distributions available, administrators have the freedom to select the one that best suits their specific needs. This adaptability empowers them to create customized server environments that perfectly align with their unique requirements.
  4. Cost-Effectiveness

    One of the key advantages of Linux is that it does not come with licensing costs. This is because it is an open-source platform, which means that businesses do not need to allocate significant resources to software licensing. This makes Linux a cost-effective solution that does not compromise on performance.
  5. Community

    Linux owes its success to its thriving and extensive community, which is the driving force behind it. This community consists of developers, administrators, and passionate supporters who work together to swiftly resolve any problems, provide regular updates, and offer a wealth of online resources for troubleshooting. The collaborative nature of the Linux community encourages innovation and effective solutions to various challenges.
  6. Performance

    Linux's ability to manage resources efficiently and its modular structure are the driving forces behind its exceptional performance optimization. Even when subjected to heavy workloads, Linux servers are known to maintain peak performance levels. This reliability in performance has made Linux a popular choice across industries.

The reason why Linux is the dominant operating system in server environments is not by chance, but rather a result of its inherent strengths and the collaborative efforts of a global community. Its open-source nature, stability, security features, flexibility, and scalability have made it the top choice for businesses, organizations, and individuals who are navigating the complex digital infrastructure landscape.

Different Versions

When it comes to Linux for your server, the options can be overwhelming. Here's a quick glance at some popular choices:

  1. Ubuntu

    Ubuntu is based on Debian but with a focus on user-friendliness and regular updates, it targets a broader audience, including beginners.
  2. Debian

    Debian is stability-focused and perfect for servers prioritizing reliability. Follows a less predictable release cycle, typically releasing a new stable version approximately every two years.
  3. CentOS

    This one is enterprise-grade and was a very popular choice, but unfortunately it was discontinued and on June 30, 2024, CentOS Linux 7 will reach End of Life (EOL).
  4. AlmaLinux

    AlmaLinux is a RHEL fork which is a suitable replacement for CentOS, offering stability and security.

Good thing is that these OS are available with one-click install on our VPS panel. Take a look at our VPS plans here.

Download Linux

Linux is open-source and free! You can download it in the official Linux's page here.

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